The idea of fairness has recently re-entered the policy discourse underpinning competition law enforcement, in the EU and beyond. Of course, the term "unfair" can be found in the EU Treaty and the avoidance of consumers' exploitation is the ultimate aim of competition principles. Still, the boundaries of fairness as a driver of competition enforcement appear unclear and, for some, dangerously flexible. At the same time, whilst the application of competition rules has over the years been focusing on restrictions to the competitive process with the effect of harming consumers, a wave of cases recently brought or decided at EU and national level appear to be inspired by wide and somewhat elusive fairness considerations, including non-discrimination, neutrality, equality of opportunities, natural justice or avoidance of abuse of law. Reference can be made to cases relating to product design, IP licensing, geo-blocking, network neutrality, privacy concerns or fiscal justice. This volume explores how fairness may guide competition enforcement, what its significance may be in explaining recent trends and actual outcomes, and what implications can be observed or expected by relying on a fairness standard in the design of substantive principles. Associating lawyers and economists, practitioners and academics, it discusses the boundaries of fairness in a world where the rationality of markets has been profoundly shaken by recent crises.
Edited by Damien Gerard, Assimakis Komninos and Denis Waelbroeck.
This volume contains the proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Global Competition Law Center. Edited by Damien Gerard, Assimakis Komninos and Denis Waelbroeck, with contributions from Commissioner Margrethe Vestager, Juliane Kokott and Daniel Dittert, Maurits Dolmans and Wanjie Lin, Thomas Lubbig, Jules Stuyck, Helen Jenkins and Aline Blankertz, Pinar Akman and Marc van der Woude.