Since the first edition of this indispensable volume nearly a decade ago, great changes have taken place in the national and international legal and regulatory frameworks for geographicat indications (Gis) systems for food products. Rather than limitation (designed to prevent the use of 'culture' for protectionist purposes), the preponderance now favours recognition of Gis, with enforcement directed at protection. White the World Trade Organization (WTO) and its Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) remain the multilateral legal benchmarks for Gis, the field has been assertively entered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) with the 2015 Geneva Act (which adds Gls to the Lisbon Agreement), national laws in key jurisdictions, and bilateral and proposed mega-regional trade agreements with provisions on food vastly more detailed than the relevant TRIPS articles. SUU notable for its thorough exploration of the meaning of the TRIPS commitments, the second edition brings to its commentary and guidance a new perspective that takes the changed conditions fully into account. With no sacrifice of depth, the author covers a wide range of issues such as the foltowing:
• estimates of the value added by origin and tradition;
• Gls as a tool for national and local development;
• growing importance of the concepts heirloom, heritage, and local; minimum standards of protection under TRIPS;
• administration and policing of product characteristics;
• procedures followed by the European Union, India, Japan and others;
• applicable laws concerning iabelling and unfair business practices;
• traditional communal nature of Gls versus private property characterization;
• significance of the WTO's Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade;
• administrative and procedural rules at WTO, regional, and national levels;
• the role of the Codex Alimentarius; and
• the role of the TRIPS Council.
Given that experience and research have revealed the great financial and cultural value of Gis, this thoroughly updated detailed analysis and interpretation of current trends in food product regulation worldwide is of crucial importance to an adequate understanding of the trade rules that apply to the recognition, protection, and enforcement of Gls and competing names. It is sure to be of great value to those concerned with this specialized field, whether practitioners, food producers and traders, jurists, officiais, policymakers, or academics.