As governments are major buyers of goods and services, foreign companies are keen to be able to participate in procurement opportunities on an equal footing with national firms. This has given rise to the inclusion of procurement disciplines in trade agreements and to internationally-agreed good regulatory practices in this important policy area. This book examines how the dynamic mix of bilateral, regional, plurilateral, and international norms on government procurement is reflected in purchasing practices at the national level, and whether these are leading to convergence in policies and approaches. The countries studied span both advanced, high-income economies and emerging economies. Some are members of the WTO procurement agreement, others are not. Most WTO members have decided not to commit to binding international disciplines on procurement in trade agreements. This volume explores whether there has been, nonetheless, internationalization of good procurement practices, and what current public purchasing processes suggest as regards the value added of signing on to binding rules of the game in this area.
The volume is interdisciplinary and the contributors include economists, political scientists, legal scholars, and practitioners with a solid understanding of both the extant international disciplines and national government procurement policies. Each chapter assesses the current state of play as regards legislation and procurement practices; the degree to which industrial policy considerations feature in the relevant regulatory frameworks; the existence and use of domestic dispute resolution and review procedures that allow firms to contest the behavior of procuring entities; and the availability of data on procurement processes and outcomes.
Aris Georgopoulos, Assistant Professor in European and Public Law at the School of Law of the University of Nottingham and Head of the Research Unit for Strategic and Defence Procurement of the Public Procurement Research Group.
Bernard Hoekman, Professor, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, the European University Institute and Research Fellow, Centre for Economic Policy Research.
Petros C. Mavroidis, Edwin B. Parker Professor of Law, Columbia Law School and Professor of Law, University of Neuchâtel.